Policies and strategies
- Safe water supply and sanitation infrastructures are identified as priorities in Senegal's Strategic Plans for Poverty Reduction (PRSP-I, 2003-2005 & PRSP-II, 2006-2010).
- In 2005, the Government of Senegal drew up the Millennium Water and Sanitation Programme (Programme d'Eau Potable et d'Assainissement du Millénaire - PEPAM), a national programmatic approach to coordinate different sector actors' efforts under a unified platform to achieve the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) targets for water supply and sanitation by 2015. PEPAM targets are aligned with the PRSP targets.
- The Ministry of Housing, Construction and Water (Ministère de l’Habitat, de la Construction et de l’Hydraulique) and its relevant Department of Rural/Urban Water (Direction de l’Hydraulique Urbaine/Rurale) are in charge of policy setting for centralized water supply and sanitation.
- The Directorate for Sanitation (Direction de l'Assainissement - DASS) under the Ministry of Urban Development and Sanitation (Ministère de l’Urbanisme et de l’Assainissement) and the Directorate for Public Hygiene (Direction de l’Hygiène Publique - DHP) under the Ministry of Health and Prevention (Ministère de la Santé et de la Prévention) are responsible to implement the relevant policies.
- The Ministry of Environment, Nature Protection, River Basin Retention and Artificial Lakes (Ministère de l'Environnement, de la Protection de la Nature, des Bassins de Rétention et des Lacs Artificiels) is engaged in certain water resources management aspects.
- In the water service sector, the Senegalese National Water Company (Société Nationale des Eaux du Sénégal - SONES) is the asset holding company of the government which controls and regulates the sector. The Senegalese Water (Sénégalaise des Eaux - SDE), a private operator for urban areas, holds a performance contract with SONES.
- In rural areas, the State assumes final responsibility for realizing national objectives in terms of safe water supply and sanitation, yet local authorities can plan and sign contracts for small and medium-sized projects.
- The sub-sector of urban sanitation is managed by a designated public independent body, the Senegalese National Office of Sanitation (Office National de l’Assainissement du Sénégal - ONAS).
- Sector coordination: PEPAM relates to different executive agencies within the water and sanitation sector. An Implementation Committee (Comité de Pilotage du PEPAM) was created in 2005 as a structure for exchange and collaboration between the government agencies. It is supported by local government, SONES, ONAS and civil society representatives. A Donor Sub-Sector Group meets regularly and has established two sub groups on urban and rural water and sanitation respectively. The national WASH Coalition has been formalized in 2008 and supports the National Action Plan to implement the PEPAM.