National WASH Coalition
The Tanzania WASH Coalition, formally led by the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, incorporates partners from a number of Ministries (Health, Water, Community Development, Education, and Local Government), national and international NGOs, community groups and the private sector.
The key objective of the coalition is to stress the priority of sanitation and hygiene, linking them to the National Strategy for Growth and Poverty Reduction and the Millennium Development Goals. It works in partnership to ensure the visibility of the sanitation and hygiene agenda at various levels.
Milestones and achievements
District WASH Forums: the Dar es Salaam WASH Forum, which unites members from three city councils, has been engaged in a number of activities such as cleaning water trenches, media sensitization visits, and reinforcement of the existing bylaws on the use of improved latrines and adherence to good hygiene practices.
The Zanzibar forum has conducted a study in 32 madrasahs (Islamic schools) on pupils’ access to water, latrines and hygiene facilities.
Communication: the coalition has developed a communication strategy which aims to increase stakeholder and public awareness of water and sanitation. It used different approaches to support milestone events like Water and Sanitation Week, Global Handwashing Day and World Toilet Day, such as songs, poems, drama, role plays, cultural dances, competitions for primary and secondary schools, and a photo competition involving 18 regions.
Policy input and advocacy: the coalition provided inputs to the draft of the National Sanitation and Hygiene Policy. It also conducted a verification study on sanitation and hygiene in 13 districts, including a desk study on sector financing. The project triggered discussion among stakeholders on the impact of and gaps in sector interventions.
The International Year of Sanitation helped the coalition's work to build new partnerships between ministries, development partners, the private sector, district councils and community groups. The core group of partners has put together a programme of action aimed at influencing local government authorities to allocate sufficient resources to the water and sanitation sector. One of the strategies used in past years to get the attention of local councilors is to set up ‘Child-to-Child’ programmes in which, through playful ways of communication, children teach each other about sanitation and hygiene.