2013 was the year in which the Global Sanitation Fund (GSF) programmes grew with results showing a strong upward curve. Given the scale of involvement, a 'sanitation movement' can be said to be taking hold.
Investment is showing measurable results:
- the number of people living in open-defecation free environments has moved from 1 million in December 2012, to 2.1 million in June, to 3.7 million in December 2013.
- the number of people with improved toilets has risen from 1.3 million (December 2012) to 1.4 million (June 2013) to 2.7 million (December 2013).
Managing an expanding rate of delivery requires strong GSF operating systems and improved processes of monitoring and evaluation. WSSCC made these and related efforts a top priority in 2013 with a sustainability review and Mid-term Evaluations in four GSF countries in their third year of programme implementation.
Through the Global Sanitation Fund, WSSCC had committed US$ 86 million by 31 December 2013 in eleven national programmes to ensure that by 2016, 16.28 million people have improved sanitation and that 24.58 million people live in healthy and safe environments which are free of open defecation.That commitment is rapidly yielding results in villages and communities across Africa and Asia. It is a commitment shared by national partners, the Water Supply and Sanitation
Collaborative Council (WSSCC) and Global Sanitation Fund donors.
National programmes generating results
Key results of the Global Sanitation Fund country driven programmes by 31 December 2013 are as follows:
- 2.7 million people with improved toilets.
- 3.7 million people in more than 14,000 communities now live in open defecation free environments.
- Almost 25,000 communities have participated in demand creation activities.
- 8.3 million people have heard about the importance of good hygiene through community activities and communications campaigns.
The Results Overview gives a cumulative snapshot of the current status and targets for the 11 country programmesworking on the ground as of 31 December 2012. Since the GSF is a sanitation financing mechanism, the flow of finances is also a key indicator of programmes implementation, and thus presented. To date:
- US$ 86 million have been committed for 11 country programmes by the end of 2013.
- US$ 17 million have been invested in the management and development of operations.
- US$ 30 million have been allocated to start programmes in three additional countries (Kenya, Benin and Pakistan) in 2014.
- US$ 177 million have been committed and allocated to 17 country programmes and management and development of operations to oversee the five-year programmes.
- The amount committed for the 17 countries is 100% of the US$ 127 million pledged to WSSCC to date by its donors for the GSF. To fully fund these 17 country programmes over five years, an additional US$ 50 million are needed.
- More than 100 sub-grants have been awarded by Executing Agencies for work on the ground, which together with current commitments and disbursements provides an indication of overall on-the-ground programme implementation.
- WSSCC continues to receive demand for GSF support in places where the sanitation needs are great. WSSCC’s Medium-Term Strategic Plan (MTSP) 2012-2016 identifies 35 priority countries in which the GSF could and should be working, which contain almost 1.5 billion people without sanitation. In order to meet this demand and fulfil the MTSP target of work programmes in up to 25 countries by 2016, additional funding of US$ 141 million is needed.
Cambodia, Ethiopia, India, Madagascar, Malawi, Nepal, Nigeria, Senegal,
Tanzania, Togo and Uganda