The Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) has specified in its Medium Term Strategic Plan 2012-2016 that all programmes funded by WSSCC’s Global Sanitation Fund (GSF) are subject to independent mid-term and five-year evaluations. These evaluations are aligned with the overall GSF financing mechanism, which is based on a five-year programme cycle.
Inspired by Ned Breslin's "Naked Truth" episode on Micro-finance Loans (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JnNPgtx7mdY ), Water For People-Malawi takes a step back and asks some probing questions about the effectiveness of micro-financing sanitation.
Water-borne disease and disruption of child education due to flooded homes are issues all too familiar to the journalists from West Africa and beyond who gathered in Senegal this week. Reporting on a community-led response in this slum area on 9 April brought to light common experience of the challenges, solutions and obstacles to highlighting complex water hygiene and sanitation issues in print and on-air.
The purpose of the study was to explore how changes in the tariff system could improve access to improved sanitation and how tariffs could be used as a vehicle to deliver affordable and sustainable services.
The statistics are chilling: 53% of Madagascar’s 20.7 million people defecate openly every day while another 33% use dilapidated, unsafe toilets. The under-5 mortality rate of is one of the highest in the world, at 72 deaths per 1,000 children. One-fifth of these deaths are caused by diarrhoea, causing great personal anguish for families, straining health care systems, and stretching pocketbooks filled with a per capita income of just US$ 488 per year. In Madagascar, open air defecation leads to a loss of an estimated US$ 65 million per year.