A presentation reviewing Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) in Kolkata Metropolis area. With over 9000 slums and a population of 4.1 million, the Kolkata Urban Services for the Poor (KUSP) creates and reviews a pilot project for urban CLTS.
Given that many of those who lack access are extremely poor and given the public-health benefits of universal access to sanitation, public subsidies to increase access seem an obvious policy response.
However, many commentators have suggested that public subsidies have failed to significantly increase access and may indeed have stifled service provision. Others suggest that there are insufficient public funds to address the global sanitation crisis so discussion of subsidies is little more than a distraction.
The argument is often heated and rarely draws on empirical evidence.
A pilot project in the Takeo Province of Cambodia has shown success in empowering school teachers and communities to promote the awareness of ‘Stop Open Defecation’, and building good practices in hand washing with soap, drinking safe water, and safe storage of drinking water.