Professionals working with sanitation, hygiene and water supply issues, respectively, are specialists because the nature of their work can be very different. For example, solutions to water supply problems might be engineering- or governance-related, while for sanitation, they may depend more on social, cultural or other aspects.
But beyond the very specific nature of the respective displines, there are crosscutting aspects which apply or are relevant to sanitation, hygiene and water supply work. In this section, we explore a number of crosscutting issues, including:
Capacity building of individuals and organizations through education and training improves and strengthen the performance of NGOs, public and private organizations in the WASH sector at large.
Disabilities and WASH
Relatively small adjustments to water and sanitation services can ensure that the needs of disabled persons are not overlooked, improving the dignity, health, and overall quality of life of those already disadvantaged.
Gender and WASH
A gender approach to WASH services refers to assuring that all people, regardless of gender, benefit from, and are empowered by, improved water and sanitation services and hygiene practices.
Operation and maintenance
Regular operation and maintenance are indispensable to ensure long-term provision of water and sanitation services.
Transparency and integrity
Good governance – integrity, transparency, accountability, and honesty – increases the chances of sustainable and equitable use and delivery of water supply and sanitation services.
WASH in schools
Children should be given the benefit of a good education in schools that provide child-friendly water and sanitation facilities.
Research in the WASH sector
Research on improving access to water supply, sanitation, and hygiene is a development motor; it contributes to evidence, knowledge generation, and sustainable solutions for the sector.