Household water treatment and safe storage can enable those who lack access to improved water sources, and those with improved but unsafe sources, to assume responsibility of their own drinking water safety. Recent research demonstrates that simple, low-cost interventions at the household and community levels (e.g. schools, health centres, refugee camps) can dramatically improve the quality of water and reduce the risks of diarrhoeal disease.
Combining household water treatment and safe storage with the promotion of healthy hygiene behaviours leads to an even greater reduction in disease transmission.
A wide range of water treatment options can be applied (primarily) at the point-of-use to enhance water quality, among them boiling, filtration, chemical, and solar disinfection. Safe storage refers to techniques that minimize the risk of recontamination before consumption.
The International Network to Promote Household Water Storage (HWTS) collaborates with approximately 120 organizations, ministries, and donors, many of which are also WSSCC partners. Membership to the Network is open to all interested stakeholders committed to achieving the objectives of the Network.