WSSCC visits China

Date: 9th November 2010

Array ( [0] => WP_Term Object ( [term_id] => 1 [name] => Uncategorised [slug] => uncategorised [term_group] => 0 [term_taxonomy_id] => 1 [taxonomy] => category [description] => [parent] => 0 [count] => 454 [filter] => raw [term_order] => 5 [cat_ID] => 1 [category_count] => 454 [category_description] => [cat_name] => Uncategorised [category_nicename] => uncategorised [category_parent] => 0 ) )

In October 2009 WSSCC was pleased to make its first visit to China to learn about its WASH sector. The visit focused on meeting colleagues and learning about sanitation and hygiene issues and programmes as well as exploring the role for WSSCC in relation to China. There are a large number of people without improved sanitation in China, some 460 million mainly in rural areas according to the JMP.

Here are the key features of China’s rural sanitation programme which is administered by the Ministry of Health that the team (Jon Lane, Carolien Van der Voorden and TV Luong) discovered:

  • A hygiene and sanitation promotion and demand creation component.
  • Government promotes six types of “non polluting” latrines (double urns, biogas, three compartments, alternating twin-pit latrine; eco latrine with urine-faeces separation, and flush latrine) for rural households. Families can choose the type of latrine which is most suitable and meets their requirements.
  • A hardware partial subsidy scheme.
  • Targets are set at each level, from Central Government down to village level, against which officials are measured.
  • A strong monitoring system, focusing both on quantity and quality (construction and use).

According to China’s Ministry of Health, sanitation coverage is 60%, but of this 37% are not sanitary latrines as per the government’s definition. The additional 40% of non-covered households do not defecate in the open as such, but use latrines amounting to not much more than holes in the backyard. The Central Government plans to increase coverage to 65% by 2010, and to 75% by 2015. This involves the construction of several million toilets each year that need to meet minimum standards, namely that they cause zero pollution and facilitate treatment/digestion on the household’s premises. Six pre-selected toilet models are available, ranging from basic to more advanced.

“China’s experiences with its rural sanitation programme can provide interesting and important lessons to share with the wider international sector,’ said Mr. Jon Lane, WSSCC Executive Director, ‘but the Chinese stakeholders also made it clear that they are very interested to learn from other experiences, especially on issues of sanitation and hygiene promotion, and the balance between software and hardware.”

These learning and sharing opportunities, he added, could benefit both China and other countries where WSSCC is active.

Related News

(The article below was originally published with support from WSSCC by the International Institute for Sustainable Development, here) Presented by Water Supply and Sanitation Collaboration Council (WSSCC), State of Qatar (Qatar Fund for Development), Global Citizen, and Education Cannot Wait, this side event focused on sanitation as a key determinant of health and education. Panelists shared examples […]

(The article below was originally published with support from WSSCC by the International Institute for Sustainable Development, here) This side event convened to launch and discuss the findings of a global review on the effectiveness of national accountability mechanisms on progress towards the water and sanitation targets of SDG 6. The report is available online […]

On July 11, 2018 Simavi and WSSCC hosted a panel discussion during the High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development, about “Putting Menstrual Health on the 2030 Agenda.” This event was the 5th of a live webinar series related to menstrual health management and was attended by over 100 in person and online participants. The event […]

Mr. Ali Abdulla Al Dabbagh, Deputy Director General for Planning at the Qatar Fund for Development (QFFD), and Mr. Rolf Luyendijk, Executive Director of the UN-hosted Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC), will speak to policy- and decision-makers in New York on Thursday, 12 July 2018, about the high returns that sanitation and hygiene […]