The Senegal programme aims to improve the living conditions and health of disadvantaged communities by helping them end open defecation, build and use toilets, and improve hygiene practices. Supporting national goals, the programme focuses on CLTS and social marketing approaches, targeting multi-family households, schools and public places in rural areas. Sub-grantees work in four regions and are comprised of local NGOs and private companies.
To support the sustainability of results, the programme worked with partners to ensure that local support systems were established in all target communities. This included establishing village development associations, hygiene comittees and mason associations, as well as identifying Natural Leaders.
Focused on overall community development, village development associations include solidarity funds that help the most vulnerable community members build sanitation facilities. Women, who chair these funds, have been able to access credit for income-generating activities, such as soap making, market gardening, and the production of enriched flour for children. In addition, these associations have begun to seek external funding.
Mason associations have worked to improve latrine construction techniques, develop accessible latrines for people with disabilities, and improve sanitation marketing activities. The associations have helped increase local entrpreneurship and the number of businesses focused on sanitation. Some of these businesses are now competing for and accessing local contracts for the contruction of latrines.
To strengthen outcomes, the programme championed menstrual hygiene management in communities and schools. This included developing a training curriculum, facilitating training sessions and developing indicators to monitor progress across all target regions. Male community members have been triggered to support these activities, and training has been provided for Sub-grantees and technical partners.
At the end of 2016, the programme reported a cumulative total of more than 465,000 people living in ODF environments across 776 villages, up by more than 85,000 people since December 2015. All villages covered by the programme in the Matam region have been declared ODF.
Key challenges have been faced in the Kédougou region, including gaining the support of local government actors and high turnover among implementing partners, resulting in implementation delays. The region is also hard to reach and mountainous, has some of the poorest communities in the country, and experiences extreme dry and rainy seasons. The programme has worked to address these issues through outreach, capacity building, monitoring and the promotion of appropriate sanitation technologies. To address capacity challenges among village development and mason associations, the programme has facilitated training in project management and marketing.
Learning and innovation
As part of its overall learning and innovation approach, the programme established a real-time learning platform on Facebook for implementing partners, to share good practices and collectively solve programme challenges as they occur. The programme has also used community radio stations to share information on good and poor sanitation practices.
Through its learning process, the programme has been able to support a range of innovations. These include elevating community CLTS and hygiene committees to larger, legally-recognized village development associations trained in financial and organizational management; helping Natural Leaders form departmental and municipal associations to best utilize their skills; and supporting the creation of micro-enterprises.
In addition, women’s hygiene commitees supported by the programme have led the production and marketing of soap. In addition to using the soap to reach ODF status in communities, it is also sold at local markets to generate income. Some proceeds also support community development and help the poorest community members buy and construct latrines. The quality and design of the soap has also been improved to boost sales.
The programme will continue to support village development associations, community support funds and collective income generating activities in all target areas. This will include a focus on gender equality, women’s empowerment and achieving SDG 6.2. Training will also be facilitated for mason associations in sanitation marketing, and for female students in MHM, the latter of whom will be able to effectively raise awareness among their peers. Discussions for continuing the programme will also continue.
GSF workshops support programmes to monitor progress towards and beyond Open Defecation Free status.
10 principles for ensuring that disadvantaged people benefit effectively from sanitation programmes and processes
Study confirms that disadvantaged groups have benefited from Global Sanitation Fund (GSF)-supported programmes, but more proactive attention is needed