In many parts of the world, menstruation tends to be a taboo topic, surrounded by silence and shrouded in myths. As a result, girls have limited factual information about menstruation before its onset resulting in fear, shame and limited mobility at the onset and during menstruation. Girls often do not know how to manage their menstruation safely with dignity when it arrives and have no information about hygienic disposal options of menstrual waste.
Menstrual health and hygiene (MHH) encompasses both menstrual hygiene management (MHM) and the broader systemic factors that link menstruation with health, well-being, gender equality, education, equity, empowerment, and rights. These systematic factors have been summarized by UNESCO as accurate and timely knowledge, available, safe, and affordable materials, informed and comfortable professionals, referral and access to health services, sanitation and washing facilities, positive social norms, safe and hygienic disposal and advocacy and policy.