The Global Sanitation Fund is a pooled global fund established by the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) and funded by its donors to gather and direct finance to help large numbers of poor people to attain safe sanitation services and adopt good hygiene practices.

The Global Sanitation Fund is a pooled global fund established by the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) and funded by its donors to gather and direct finance to help large numbers of poor people to attain safe sanitation services and adopt good hygiene practices.

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India Programme Overview

The GSF-supported programme in India closed in early 2017. Key results reported by the programme are detailed in the table below.

Over the years, WSSCC has supported the Government of India’s (GoI) Swachh Bharat (Clean India) Mission, through the dedicated India Support Unit (ISU). The ISU was established in 2015 by WSSCC at the request of the GoI, to provide technical assistance to SBM.

ISU’s focus has been on national and statelevel policy and strategy support and capacity building for sustainable and inclusive sanitation and hygiene, including Menstrual Health and Hygiene (MHH), societal engagement and Rapid Action Learning (RAL).

ISU is recognised as a Key Resource Centre (KRC) by the then Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation for building the capacity of collective behaviour change approaches across the country. Through this modality, it has provided targeted support to strengthening the enabling environments at the sub-national level (state and district) particularly in some of the most populous and most challenging states, including Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and Assam. The model has led to the creation of a pool of master trainers on ODF Plus, RAL and MHH. Moreover, it has allowed for the leveraging of Government funds to support capacity-building efforts at state and district levels (approximately 4 million USD has been leveraged by ISU since 2015).

In October 2019, the GoI announced that all districts had declared themselves open defecation free (ODF), a key milestone in sanitation access. After this, a second phase of the SBM was launched with the aim to ensure the ODF behaviours are sustained and that no one is left behind. Under this second phase, India is using an “ODF plus” approach that focuses on ODF sustainability, solid and liquid waste management and faecal sludge management. ISU continues to support the second phase in India, focusing on support for poor and marginalised populations under ODF sustainability.

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Key Results

Key Results

31 December 2017

toilet
People living in ODF environments [1]
1.38 Million
toilet
Communities declared ODF [2]
1,430
hand
People with improved sanitation facilities [3]
2.91 Million
hand
People with handwashing facilities with water and soap/substitute
4.85 Million

[1] Number of people living in targeted administrative areas where ODF status has been verified using national systems.

[2] Number of communities that achieved ODF status following national criteria.

[3] Number of people with access to an improved sanitation facility (JMP: limited, basic and safely managed sanitation service levels).

Key Results

Key Results

31 December 2017

toilet
People living in ODF environments [1]
1.38 Million
door
Communities declared ODF [2]
1,430
hand

Financial Pipeline

31 December 2017
pipeline
GSF commitments to country programmes
$123.18 Million
pipeline
GSF disbursements to country programmes
$104.76 Million

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