The Global Sanitation Fund is a pooled global fund established by the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) and funded by its donors to gather and direct finance to help large numbers of people achieve improved sanitation and adopt good hygiene practices.

The Global Sanitation Fund is a pooled global fund established by the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) and funded by its donors to gather and direct finance to help large numbers of people achieve improved sanitation and adopt good hygiene practices.

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Nepal Programme Overview

On 30 September 2019, Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli declared that all 77 Nepali districts free from open defecation. Despite facing enormous challenges – including the 2015 earthquake, the border blockade in 2016, the Terai flood in 2017 and the Federal transition and elections in 2018 – Nepal made one of the biggest advances toward achieving Open Defecation Free (ODF) status in the South Asia region. With a government-led sanitation planning and sound sector coordination in place, Nepal could meet the targets of the country’s National Sanitation and Hygiene Master Plan. The rapid acceleration in ending open defecation and expanding access to improved sanitation were the result of strong government leadership as well as the concerted efforts of several programmes and organizations that ensured a partnership approach.

WSSCC’s Global Sanitation Fund programme in Nepal significantly contributed to the accelerated sanitation coverage in the country, working in 19 out of 75 districts, one-quarter of today’s national ODF coverage. The programme executed by UN-Habitat, is implemented by NGOs and government partners, in close collaboration with coordinating bodies at various administrative levels, CSOs and the private sector. The efforts over the recent years have been concentrated on the southern Terai plains, the challenging last mile of Nepal’s sanitation campaign.

Today, the programme focuses on sustaining the outcomes achieved, supporting the country’s post-ODF total sanitation phase. It also helps strengthen institutions of the municipalities under the new federal system.

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GSF Information

Executing Agency: UN-HABITAT
Programme duration: 2010-2020
Programme Coordinating Mechanism: NHSCC, Chaired by the Ministry of Water Supply

Key Results

Key Results

31 December 2019

toilet
People living in ODF environments [1]
6.01 Million
toilet
Communities declared ODF [2]
32,100
hand
People with improved sanitation facilities [3]
3.56 Million
hand
People with handwashing facilities with water and soap/substitute
3.65 Million

[1] Number of people living in targeted administrative areas where ODF status has been verified using national systems.

[2] Number of communities that achieved ODF status following national criteria.

[3] Number of people with access to an improved sanitation facility (JMP: limited, basic and safely managed sanitation service levels).

Key Results

Key Results

31 December 2019

toilet
People living in ODF environments [1]
6.01 Million
door
Communities declared ODF [2]
32,100
hand

Financial Pipeline

pipeline
GSF commitments to country programmes
$123.18 Million
pipeline
GSF disbursements to country programmes
$104.76 Million

By Renu Kshetry, KATHMANDU, Nepal – Just like the rest of the world, Nepal...

By Renu Kshetry As far back as she can remember, Lakhani Devi Rishidev’s family...

By Renu Kshetry Shrestha heaved a sigh of relief when his dream of declaring...

Demolishing menstrual huts, a powerful start, but how do we demolish the mindset? By...

Improvement at a rural school empowers menstruating girls to stay in school By Renu...

When toilets become a question of dignity and right By Renu Kshetry NUWAKOT, Nepal...

Nepal’s sanitation campaign making a difference in Majhi By: Charles Dickson MAJHI, Nepal –...

Summary Messages Sunsari District’s open defecation free (ODF) declaration, the construction of 144,347 toilets...

Resources

Sprinting the Last Mile: Nepal’s Sanitation Campaign in the Terai

In September 2019, the Government of Nepal declared the country ‘open defecation free’ (ODF). Leading up to this milestone, the Government of Nepal and other sector partners focused on the challenging Terai plains – the ‘last mile’ of Nepal’s...

Nepal GSF Programme Evaluation & Response

WSSCC’s Global Sanitation Fund (GSF) Programme in Nepal is financed by WSSCC and implemented by UN Habitat Nepal. This evaluation brief seeks to provide a summative and a formative forward-looking analysis of the Programme. The analysis is framed around...

Nepal earthquake: Reviving sanitation – Global Sanitation Fund Lessons

After the 2015 earthquake in Nepal, the GSF-supported programme and partners underwent a learning journey, which is illustrated in a new report.