The Global Sanitation Fund is a pooled global fund established by the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) and funded by its donors to gather and direct finance to help large numbers of people achieve improved sanitation and adopt good hygiene practices.

The Global Sanitation Fund is a pooled global fund established by the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) and funded by its donors to gather and direct finance to help large numbers of people achieve improved sanitation and adopt good hygiene practices.

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Nepal Programme Overview

On 30 September 2019, Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli declared that all 77 Nepali districts are free from open defecation. Alongside many other stakeholders, the UN family in Nepal has expanded its multi-faceted support for the government to achieve this milestone.

WSSCC’s Global Sanitation Fund programme in Nepal significantly contributed to this achievement. The programme works in 19 out of 75 districts, in close cooperation with a diverse WASH partners, including coordinating bodies at various administrative levels. The efforts over the recent years have been concentrated on the southern Terai plains, the challenging last mile of Nepal’s sanitation campaign. Despite the region’s daunting socio-economic challenges, WSSCC’s GSF programme, implemented by UN-Habitat, NGOs and government partners, successfully helped accelerate sanitation coverage in eight Terai districts from around 13 per cent to 98 per cent in just over four years, according to government data.

Building on the momentum of the Government’s declaration of becoming open defecation free, they have announced a new national campaign to address long-term behavioural changes.

 

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GSF Information

Executing Agency: UN-HABITAT
Programme duration: 2010-2020

Key Results

Key Results

31 December 2018

toilet
Number of Village Development Committees verified as ODF
667
toilet
People living in ODF environments
4,600,000
door
Communities declared ODF
28,900
hand
People with improved sanitation facility
3,480,000
hand
People with Handwashing facilities with water and soap or soap substitute
3,340,000

*Nepal’s national definition of ODF does not adhere to the WSSCC definition of ODF because it does not stipulate that all households should have access to a handwashing facility.

Key Results

Key Results

31 December 2018

toilet
Number of Village Development Committees verified as ODF
667
door
People living in ODF environments
4,600,000
hand
Communities declared ODF
28,900

Financial Pipeline

pipeline
GSF commitments to country programmes
$123.18 Million
pipeline
GSF disbursements to country programmes
$104.76 Million

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Resources

Nepal Global Sanitation Fund Programme Evaluation

WSSCC’s Global Sanitation Fund (GSF) Programme in Nepal is financed by WSSCC and implemented by UN Habitat Nepal. This evaluation brief seeks to provide a summative and a formative forward-looking analysis of the Programme. The analysis is framed around...

Nepal earthquake: Reviving sanitation – Global Sanitation Fund Lessons

After the 2015 earthquake in Nepal, the GSF-supported programme and partners underwent a learning journey, which is illustrated in a new report.