The Global Sanitation Fund-supported programme in Ethiopia

ethiopia_gsf copy

ethiopia_gsf copy

In light of the COVID-19 pandemic, WSSCC has provided the country’s  partners with guidance about reprogramming, allowing funds to be directed to preventing, delaying and containing COVID-19 in line with government and advice from the World Health Organization (WHO). More detailed country information can be found here.

Executing Agency:
Ministry of Health
Programme Duration:
Programme Coordinating Mechanism:
Designated Committee Chaired by UNICEF

National Coordinator: Michael Negash Beyene, hosted by the SNV Netherlands Development Organisation


In 2019, ESHIP successfully promoted sanitation and hygiene in 882 kebeles, all the while helping sustain ODF status in 622 kebeles, through its effective community-led total sanitation and hygiene (CLTSH) mechanisms.  At the community level, the program runs regular sanitation and hygiene promotion through health extension workers and volunteer women health development army. Primary heath care unit staff, who support satellite health posts at kebele level, also follow up and aid with the execution of the program.  Woreda/zone/regional health structure staff members provide further support by monitoring and extend onsite assistance as needed.

As well, ESHIP had a strong presence in schools throughout the year, conducting WASH in 189 schools and 131 MHM promotion activities. These activities have created separate rooms for girls to manage their menstrual hygiene needs and have trained female teachers trained for proper MHM guidance. Moreover, they have allowed students to become active in the procurement of sanitary pads, for which, in some instances, schools now allocate 10 to 15% of annual budget.

At the national level, ESHIP has helped strengthen sector capacity and coordination. Notably, WSSCC is supporting the training of Health Development Army (HDA)—women-centred health movement—and level IV Health Extension Workers (HEWs) on WASH global tools and Equality and Non-Discrimination (EQND) principles. Through ESHIP, various sector meetings for WASH stakeholders, the environmental health taskforce, and annual reviews were also organized.

Challenges and future direction

Fragmented coordination mechanisms in the WASH sector, ODF slippage, and poor latrine quality are key challenges to achieving SDG 6.2 in Ethiopia. Accordingly, in 2020, WSSCC will focus on aligning ESHIP with Government of Ethiopia’s plans and strategies—in particular, with the national ODF campaign and the multi-sectorial OneWASH National Program. Certain ESHIP woredas will be chosen for targeted support on latrine quality and slippage. WSSCC will continue to build on its successes in Menstrual Health and Hygiene (MHH) promotion and ensure that Leave No One Behind (LNOB) principles are well-incorporated into sanitation and hygiene programming.