Sub-grantees in action: Promoting key sanitation and hygiene behaviours


On the ground and in communities, Sub-grantees are the lifeblood of Global Sanitation Fund (GSF)-supported country programmes.

The Santi Sena Organization (SSO) is one of 26 Sub-grantees working with the GSF-supported programme in Cambodia. Active in 92 villages in Svay Rieng Province, the GSF Sub-grantee works with local partners to facilitate ‘Three Behaviors in One Hour’ (3B1H), a practice-based approach focusing on three key WASH behaviours: using latrines consistently, handwashing with soap at critical times, and drinking safe water.

In 2015, 35 3B1H sessions were facilitated involving active community engagement, behaviour change communication, and tools to provoke shock and disgust, such as artificial faeces in drinking cups.

A key challenge faced was that most participants at the sessions were elderly women and children. They were unable to grasp the messages easily and make household decisions regarding changing sanitation and hygiene behaviours. Moreover, as the sessions were conducted in the daytime, most decision makers were at work, outside of the village. To addresses these challenges, SSO staff reminded participants to relay the information they received at the sessions to family members and decision makers, and also ask these individuals to attend future sessions. Sessions were also conducted in evenings and weekends, to accommodate decision makers and others who could not attend daytime sessions.

Overall, 3B1H was observed to be a very useful approach to transform behaviours and catalyze the building of latrines, handwashing with soap, and the drinking of safe water.

To date, 61 out of the 92 villages covered by SSO have achieved ODF status, and the remaining villages have achieved over 70 percent sanitation coverage.

About GSF Sub-grantees

Through in-country Executing Agencies, the GSF funds the work of hundreds of Sub-grantees. These organizations vary across GSF-supported programmes and are comprised of NGOs, government entities, associations and private companies. They facilitate and promote Community-Led Total Sanitation and other sanitation demand creation approaches, as well as behaviour change communication, supply-side activities, training, women’s empowerment, equality and inclusion and hygiene education and awareness activities. Working with local partners and champions, they make significant contributions to improving sanitation and hygiene for the most vulnerable. Read more about Sub-grantees in the latest GSF Progress Report.