This resource page provides you with quick access to some of our most popular publications, e-toolkits and knowledge resources to key issues. Please explore the below resources or contact us for help with sanitation, hygiene and water supply-related resources, research or ideas.

8 resources found


Using a life-cycle approach to target WASH policies and programmes

This brief from WSSCC and 3ie is based on a systematic review that looked at how the life-cycle approach is incorporated into WASH programmes and policies. This review analysed dominant approaches to targeting populations, the barriers to access and strategies to improve access to WASH services.

Incorporating the life cycle approach

Full systematic review technical report

WSSCC’s Holistic Three-Pronged Approach to MHM

WSSCC’s Holistic Three-Pronged Approach to MHM

Scoping and Diagnosis of the Global Sanitation Fund’s Approach to EQND

Global Sanitation Fund
Cadrage et diagnostic de l’approche du Fonds mondial pour l’assainissement sur l’égalité et la non-discrimination: Résumé analytique, études de cas et réflexions.In 2016, WSSCC’s Global Sanitation Fund (GSF) recruited an independent team of experts to undertake an in-depth two-part diagnosis of GSF’s approach to equality and non-discrimination (EQND). The first part of the diagnosis – an assessment comprising of visits to six countries (Ethiopia, Malawi, Nepal, Nigeria, Senegal and Togo) and a review of documentation across all GSF-supported programmes – was completed in 2017, resulting in this study. While confirming that many people who may be considered disadvantaged have benefitted positively from GSF-supported programmes, the study emphasizes that more proactive attention is needed to ensure no one is left behind. Several recommendations are offered to better integrate EQND throughout the components and stages of all GSF-supported programmes.Summarized version of the study, including the Executive Summary, selected case studies and GSF reflections.Cadrage et diagnostic de l’approche du Fonds mondial pour l’assainissement sur l’égalité et la non-discrimination: Résumé analytique, études de cas et réflexions.Annexes related to the study.

Formative Research to Develop Appropriate Participatory Approaches towards Water, Sanitation, and Hy...

Most sanitation promotion approaches are only partially successful in providing short term increases in sanitation coverage and usage. BCC messages designed as marketing interventions often fail to address deeper underlying causes of resistance behind people’s reluctance to adopt improved and safe sanitation and hygiene. This study was undertaken with the objective of understanding perceptions, barriers, and motivators for improved sanitation behavior in rural India. Rural communities are not homogenous; they are also very divergent across the mountains, plains, deserts and coastal areas of India with mixed caste, tribal and Dalit composition. The study investigates how different disaggregated sets of people respond to the same questions on barriers to sanitation – women, men, adolescent girls and boys, children, old and infirm, tribal and non-tribal communities, village level functionaries, etc. The study was conducted in Gujarat, Telangana, and Jharkhand. An intensive field research was undertaken in nine villages between July and December 2015.

Hygiene and Sanitation Software – An overview of approaches

Problems caused by a lack of toilet facilities are well documented, but simply providing facilities is not enough. Public health practitioners recognize that until good hygiene is properly practiced, both at home and in the community as a whole, the desired impact of improved water and sanitation services in terms of community health benefits cannot be realized. Several methods are used to address this problem and engage target groups (individuals, households, communities, institutions or even organizations) in development programmes that enable a change in behaviours or create a demand for services. These methods or approaches are generally referred to as ‘software’ to distinguish them from the provision of 'hardware', which is defined as the physical facilities. There is often confusion over areas such as what a particular approach is designed to achieve, what it actually comprises, when and where it should be used, how it should be implemented or how much it costs. This publication takes an in-depth look at the various hygiene and sanitation software approaches that have been deployed over the last 40 years by NGOs, development agencies, national and local governments in all types of settings – urban, informal-urban and rural.Les problèmes liés au manque d’installations sanitaires sont bien connus. Toutefois, la fourniture de toilettes n’est pas suffisante. Les praticiens en santé publique sont de plus en plus sensibles au fait que les impacts attendus des services d’eau et d’assainissement améliorés et visant à améliorer la santé communautaire ne pourront être atteints que si les foyers et les communautés adoptent de bonnes pratiques en matière d’hygiène. Il existe différentes méthodes afin de faire face à ce problème et s’attachant à impliquer des groupes cibles (des particuliers, des ménages, des communautés, des institutions ou encore des organisations) dans le processus de développement de programmes visant à changer les comportements ou à créer une demande de services. Ces méthodes ou approches sont généralement appelées « stratégies participatives et de promotion » afin de les différencier de la fourniture d’équipements, c’est-à-dire d’installations physiques. Ces stratégies prêtent souvent à confusion en ce qui a trait à leur portée, ce qu’elles impliquent, quand, où et comment elles devraient être mises en œuvre, ou encore combien elles coûtent. Cette publication décrit les différentes stratégies participatives et de promotion en matière d’hygiène et d’assainissement qui ont été mises en œuvre au cours des quarante dernières années par des ONG, des agences de développement, des gouvernements nationaux ou locaux dans différents milieux (urbain, urbain informel et rural).

Sanitation is a business – Approaches for demand-orientated policies

Hygiene and sanitation remain low on most agendas and are not openly talked. Despite being recognized as a contributing reason as to why around 1 billion people are living without adequate sanitation and hygiene. The “top down” approach of distributing latrines with subsidies, or even free, has not worked. So what’s next? This publication examines alternative solutions and presents a new paradigm urging policy makers and donors to advocate the use of the private sector to provide sustainable and demand driven solutions to sanitation needs. This emotional and possibly controversial issue is mapped out and summarized with global case studies which illustrate that sanitation can be a viable business.

Integrating ‘do-no-harm’ principles into sanitation & hygiene collective behaviour change programmes

Equality Global Sanitation Fund
‘do-no-harm’ principles into sanitation & hygiene collective behaviour change programmes