Serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society causing widespread human, material, economic or environmental losses which exceed the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources is defined as a disaster.
Irrespective of the nature of a disaster, (be it floods, drought, earthquakes or large human displacements), prevention and preparedness are essential for coping with emergency situations that often occur during or after.
The necessity of these long-term planning mechanisms as well as adequate and timely response is growing as disasters caused or intensified by climate change are increasingly challenging current infrastructure.
The WASH (water supply, sanitation and hygiene) sector is no exception. Incorporating disaster scenarios and aspects in planning of infrastructure and institutional elements of water supply and sanitation systems is a key element of disaster risk mainstreaming. While the correct maintenance of systems increases sustainability and reduces the vulnerability in case of a disaster.
This extensive compilation of resource materials and organizations detailing emergency responses in the WASH sector is your first step to preparedness.