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By Raza Naqvi When India went under strict COVID-19 lockdown on 24 March, migrant labourers started moving back to their home states. In the East Champaran district of Bihar state, 102 quarantine centres were set up for migrant labourers returning from Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra and Delhi among other places. For the 1,200 migrant labourers in […]

By Raza Naqvi A youth organization in New Delhi has been distributing sanitary pads and raising menstrual awareness among girls and women across India since 2016. While the country remains under lockdown due to the coronavirus, Project Baala is determined that its important work still gets done. “Women would have been the worst hit, as […]

By Raza Naqvi DELHI, India – An innovator in India has come up with a ‘no touch’ handwashing station to reduce the spread of the coronavirus and conserve water in the process. Tamchos Gurmet in the Leh district of northern India developed a design for better hand hygiene, which enables users to control the flow […]

By Raza Naqvi A webinar to exchange plans and methodologies to protect vulnerable groups from COVID-19 was hosted in May by the India Support Unit of the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) in partnership with the UK’s Institute for Development Studies (IDS), Sri Lanka’s Regional Sanitation Centre (RSC), and the Freshwater Action Network […]

By Raza Naqvi Panthdeep Singh helped protect his Punjab village from disease by leading its effort to become open defecation free (ODF). Now he is putting many of the same sanitation and hygiene strategies to work in the fight against COVID-19. Mr Singh, the Sarpanch (head) of the village of Chhina in India’s district of […]

By Raza Naqvi DELHI, India – In a show of interfaith unity, spiritual leaders from all religious denominations across India came together to address a special webinar on fighting the novel Coronavirus, organised by the Global Interfaith WASH Alliance (GIWA), in partnership with WSSCC and with technical support from UNICEF. Faith-based leaders presented how their […]

By Raza Naqvi, DELHI, India – A robot called Pepe will soon encourage schoolchildren to wash their hands. The robot will help kids adopt better practices by talking about hygiene and sanitation and developers say they will be useful especially when pandemics like COVID-19 requires confinement and social distancing. Video courtesy: Ammachi Labs According to […]

By Raza Naqvi THANE, India – It all started with a routine departmental medical camp. Without the camp, the issue of vaginal fungal infections would never have come to the attention of Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCP), Dr Priyanka Narnaware, who immediately committed to act on Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM). Concerned about the health of […]

New innovation offers women and girls the confidence and space to manage their menstruation By Machrine Birungi Nearly 121 million women and adolescent girls in India use on average eight sanitary napkins per menstrual cycle. That translates to 1 million pads generated monthly, which then results into 12 billion pads produced and disposed of annually […]

Vinod Mishra, WSSCC’s India National Coordinator and Santosh Mehrotra, former UNICEF adviser and professor at JNU present views on the Clean India Mission

It already features among the most successful Hindi movies of 2017

The universal nature of psycho social stress related to poor or inadequate sanitation is raised in this webinar

Resources

Sanitation Action Summit 2016 – Reflections

Sanitation Action Summit
The Sanitation Action Summit in Mumbai brought together policymakers, representatives from marginalized communities, and global citizens to share experiences and identify solutions that help enable a truly open defecation free India by 2019. This report describes how the summit came about, and who came to listen, share and learn. It also highlights the challenges faced and opportunities present for achieving equitable, safe sanitation and hygiene for all in India.

Value for Money Study in Global Sanitation Fund Programmes – Synt...

Global Sanitation Fund
With maturing programmes and results steadily growing, the GSF is not only interested in the real cost of reaching results, but also in deepening its understanding of resources invested by communities, governments, and other partners. This is critical in further developing a model for scaling up sanitation and hygiene. With these aspects in mind, a multi-country value for money study was commissioned by the GSF in 2015, and carried out by Oxford Policy Management. This synthesis report explores the methodology and findings from the study. Moreover, it provides recommendations on the methodology which the GSF can utilize to track better value for money aspects within supported programmes.

Sanitation Action Summit 2016 – Programme

Equality
Is everyone able to use safe and decent facilities all of the time? What about when they leave their household? When they have had an accident or have a disabled family member? How many blind people are able to participate in a community based sanitation triggering? Does the benefit of improved access to toilets also come with a de facto responsibility to manage one’s own excreta? Women and girls menstruate. How will we break the silence on an issue shrouded in shame and secrecy for centuries? How to ensure pride in one’s own body, the ability to talk without shame and demand safe facilities? These are just a few of the questions that will be explored by government, representatives from marginalized communities, academia, private sector, development partners and global citizens during the Sanitation Action Summit in Mumbai on 18 November. To find out more about the event, download our programme overview.

Leave No One Behind – Country Reports

Equality
Leave No One Behind - Afghanistan Country Report: This report is one in a series of 8 country reports produced as a result of the Leave No One Behind consultative process. It captures the current WASH practices, challenges and aspirations of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka vulnerable groups from Qarabagh, Paghman, Bagrami and Kabul districts of Kabul Province, Afghanistan.Leave No One Behind - Bangladesh Country Report: As part of the Leave No One Behind consultative process in South Asia, ten meetings were organised by the Bangladesh chapter of FANSA with women, adolescent girls, elderly, persons with disabilities, transgender people and sanitation workers and waste collectors in different parts of the country in collaboration with CSOs working with these groups.Leave No One Behind - Bhutan Country Report: This report is the outcome of a consultation with a group of women, adolescent girls, sanitation workers, people with disabilities and senior citizens, organised in Bhutan in November 2015 with support from FANSA and WSSCC. The purpose of this interaction was to gain an understanding of their current sanitation and hygiene status, practices and challenges in their daily life.Leave No One Behind - India Country Report: In India, eighteen consultation meetings were held across six states with participants from different vulnerable groups. A total of 999 people participated in these meetings, including 260 women and adolescent girls, 182 elderly people and persons with disabilities, 236 sanitation workers and waste pickers and 36 members of the transgender community. Modern Architects for Rural India (MARI) led the consultative process with the support of 30 local organisations.Leave No One Behind - Maldives Country Report: This report summarizes the main challenges as well as key asks of people with disabilities, adolescent school children, construction workers, fishermen, elderly and sanitation workers in Maldives with regard to access to hygiene and sanitation services. These groups raised their concerns in the consultation held by WaterCare in the Maldives National University at the initiative of FANSA and WSSCC.Leave No One Behind - Nepal Country Report: The consultations with vulnerable groups from different parts of the country was an opportunity to openly interact with individuals on their sanitation and hygiene experiences that are critical aspects of their well-being and dignity. Women and adolescent girls, elderly people, persons with disabilities and the sanitation workers actively participated in the consultations where they shared their life story and struggles without adequate sanitation facilities at the household level, at the workplace and in public places.Leave No One Behind - Pakistan Country Report: In Pakistan, a total of eight consultation meetings were held between October 29 and November 20, 2015 to capture the current WASH practices, the associated and coping strategies among women and adolescent girls, the elderly and disabled and sanitary workers and waste pickers. In total, 551 participants from urban, peri-urban, slums and rural parts of Pakistan participated in the consultations. They included 187 women and adolescent girls, 145 elderly and persons with disabilities, and 219 sanitation workers and waste segregators. The meetings were organized by Punjab Urban Resource Centre with support from 11 local partner organizations in eight districts of the country.Leave No One Behind – Sri Lanka Country Report: In Sri Lanka, six consultations were conducted with a total of 218 participants, including 75 sanitation workers, 55 plantation workers, 63 women, and 25 differently-abled people. Seven organizations representing the fishing community, plantation workers, persons with disabilities and municipal councils supported CEJ in organizing these consultations. Participants were given an opportunity to share their experiences and observations on WASH issues using participatory methods. This report captures the major points shared by these groups.

First National Training of Trainers on Menstrual Hygiene Manageme...

Equality
In order to break the silence on menstruation and empower government officials with the knowledge and skills on Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM), WSSCC, in collaboration with the Kenyan Ministry of Health, UNICEF and other partners held a six-day Training of Trainers(ToT) in Naivasha from 28 July to 3 August. Here is a full report of the workshop.

Integrating Equity and Inclusion in Collective Behaviour Change u...

Collaboration
This summary report summarizes the findings of the WSSCC and WaterAid India organized consultation in Delhi that brought together a small, select group of collective behaviour change trainers and professionals working on equity issues, such as different kinds of disability, participation and MHM, so that together they could explore different ways of integrating equity and inclusion into the existing CLTS module keeping in mind the needs of marginalized individuals and groups.WSSCC in partnership with WaterAid India organized a one-day consultation in Delhi that brought together a small, select group of collective behaviour change trainers and professionals working on equity issues, such as different kinds of disability, participation and MHM, so that together they could explore different ways of integrating equity and inclusion into the existing CLTS module keeping in mind the needs of marginalized individuals and groups. The consultation gave interesting insights on how trainers have tried to implement the SBM guidelines on equity and inclusion and the challenges they have faced. A list of practical steps was developed that can be taken at each stage of the CLTS process to ensure that marginalized individuals and their issues are included. These findings can be found in this narrative report.

Regional Consultative Workshops for Forward Planning of Rapid Act...

Collaboration
This note summarizes the main outcomes of the five jointly convened regional consultative workshops across India by the Government of India and WSSCC on forward planning of Rapid Action Learning Units under Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin). The scoping exercise was undertaken by the WSSCC India team based in New Delhi. This summary note presents key findings together with recommendations for meaningful measurement of progress.This report summarizes the detailed discussions, deliberations and outcomes of five consultative workshops held across India. The scoping exercise was led by Sanchita Ghosh of WSSCC India with support from Kamini Prakash and Vinod Mishra and guidance from Archana Patkar.This PowerPoint presentation summarizes the main outcomes of the five jointly convened regional consultative workshops across India by the Government of India and WSSCC on forward planning of Rapid Action Learning Units under Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin).

Formative Research to Develop Appropriate Participatory Approache...

Collaboration
Most sanitation promotion approaches are only partially successful in providing short term increases in sanitation coverage and usage. BCC messages designed as marketing interventions often fail to address deeper underlying causes of resistance behind people’s reluctance to adopt improved and safe sanitation and hygiene. This study was undertaken with the objective of understanding perceptions, barriers, and motivators for improved sanitation behavior in rural India. Rural communities are not homogenous; they are also very divergent across the mountains, plains, deserts and coastal areas of India with mixed caste, tribal and Dalit composition. The study investigates how different disaggregated sets of people respond to the same questions on barriers to sanitation – women, men, adolescent girls and boys, children, old and infirm, tribal and non-tribal communities, village level functionaries, etc. The study was conducted in Gujarat, Telangana, and Jharkhand. An intensive field research was undertaken in nine villages between July and December 2015.