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A panel of experts discussed equal access to sanitation and hygiene in public spaces.

The side event will draw attention to equal access to sanitation and hygiene in public spaces.

Interactive sessions generated responses on the role that WSSCC can play to contribute to progress in the country.


Hand Washing Practice in ASEH Project Area – A Study for Impact M...

This study examines the status and benefits of hand washing with cleaning agents at five critical times as part of the Advancing Sustainable Environmental Health (ASEH) project. It was the third part of a longitudinal study of a project in rural and urban areas of Bangladesh with an earlier baseline (2004) and mid-term impact study (2007). It was designed using an iterative Cluster Sampling Technique. The study reveals that knowledge about critical hand washing times increased significantly in both rural and urban areas at all five critical hand washing times, except for two critical times related to children in rural areas. Of respondents in rural and urban areas, 27% and 63% respectively have knowledge about all five critical times. Hand washing at these critical times increased in rural and urban areas, with the exception of hand washing before feeding young children in rural areas. Notably, 27% of people in rural and 32% of people in urban areas reported washing their hands properly at all five critical times. This paper was presented at the Hygiene Practitioners Workshop, Dhaka, Bangladesh, February 2010.

Community-driven development for water and sanitation in urban ar...

Community organizations working with local NGOs have been responsible for many of the most cost-effective initiatives to improve and extend provision for water and sanitation to low-income urban households. This has a growing relevance within an urbanizing world, with a large and increasing proportion of those with low incomes who lack provision living in urban areas. Along with considerable bearing on meeting the water and sanitation target within the Millennium Development Goals. This publication defines the scale of need before focusing on the role local, community-driven schemes provide in addressing the requirements of the unserved or ill-served in urban areas. Schemes that improved and extended provision for water and sanitation as a result of changes in approach by local governments and civil society organizations are detailed. This includes local initiatives not normally considered part of ‘water and sanitation’ which have been significant in improving and extending provision, especially squatter upgrading schemes, initiatives to provide land for new housing and measures to increase the availability of loans to support household and community investments in better housing. Often underpinning these successes were the partnerships offered to local government by organizations of the urban poor. The tools and methods used are examined along with the ‘local’ constraints to improving and extending provision for water and sanitation and how these can be successfully addressed.